At the end of the 1640s, after the longest war in European history, the 30-year war, Silesia fell under the influence of the Habsburg monarchy and was dominated by Catholicism. The result was the liquidation of Protestant temples (in the Duchy of Jawor itself 327 Evangelical parishes were liquidated).

It was not until 1652 that the emperor agreed to build just three temples, including one church in the town of Jawor (named, in connection with the end of the long war, the Church of Peace). At the same time, he set special conditions, probably intended to diminish the importance and durability of the temples’ buildings, namely ­– they were to be built only of wood and clay. Paradoxically, these restrictions have contributed to the creation of beautiful, unique in the world, buildings.

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